culture has many small groups of people within it. There are some similarities
such as the role the family plays in the client’s care. Also, the elderly
are more likely than another population to be cared for by their families. It
is seemingly that the Hispanics respect their elderly, and children are looked at as violating cultural norms when thy do
not obey the parents (Cox & Monk, 1993).
differ from other cultures in many ways. They tend to be more pessimistic, they are very spiritual; they also feel that appearance
is very important which shows in the decorativeness of their homes and the way they dress. Family life within the Hispanic
culture is extremely valued. They are very supportive of family members and family always
comes first (Hispanic Research, 2006).
male role is viewed as authoritative and paternalistic within the family while the female is submissive and protected (Cox
& Monk, 1993). The role can some times collide when having a marriage from
two different cultures. For example the Spanish and Hispanic cultures, I knew
a couple who were married and she did not like how authoritarian he was. She
left him because of it. With that being said, actual cultural practices can vary
from the norm in different degrees. There was another experience when a Hispanic couple had a child in the hospital and the
mother wanted the nurse to wait to speak with the father. They obviously adhered
to this cultural belief.
should be respectful when interacting with someone of the Hispanic culture. Physical
touch, eye contact, and use of first names during an early relationship should be avoided. If a family is in disagreement
about a certain health issue they will show it by using silence and noncompliance. Good communication is very important because
Hispanics may feel that in presence of lack of communication are prejudice issues (Kemp, 2005).
made up 12.5 % of the population in 2000 (this is up from 6.4% in 1980). Hispanics made up 2% of nurses in 2000 (Kozier, Erb,
Berman, & Snyder, 2004). With an increase in the population of Hispanics it is important for providers to be aware of
cultural or personal health beliefs. Some of the specific items to be aware of
with Hispanics are some foods and medications that can sway the balance of the body.
Only give cold water if the client requests it and after having a child respect requests for rest, also offer sponge
baths after birth. Allow the family time with client and to do as much as possible
for them. A belief in fate and external control at times can lead to the client
not following the medical or nursing regiment. The family may or may not
want the client to know the status of their health, for example if hospice is needed. (Kozier, Erb, Berman, & Snyder,
The church is central to
the culture and they may seek the church out to help with different hardships in life. The majority of Hispanics are of the
Roman Catholic religion. Their religion plays a large role in their family lives. They turn to the saints of the religion
for specific ailments, for example, St. Joseph for dying, and there you may find pictures of the saints
with candles lit around them, this is called magico-religion (Kemp, 2005).